Established in 1945 as a professional and permanent theatre, the Slovene Permanent Theatre in Trieste is one of the eight theatres in Italy with the status of teatro stabile. With an ensemble of seven actors, the theatre produces five premières per year, often staging works that intertwine the cultural specificities of the Slovene and Italian community, thus strengthening the theatre’s role as a cultural mediator between the two cultures.
Formally organised already in 1902 as a Dramatic Society, in its initial period of continual activity (until 1920) the theatre staged 245 dramatic works, including world classics and original Slovene works, and 19 performances in the opera and ballet programme. In 1920 the theatre’s building was burnt down by the fascists, which interrupted the theatre’s activity for the following 25 years. In 1945 the theatre was re-founded as professional institution and has since then staged over 450 dramatic, opera, and ballet works. In 1964 the Slovene Permanent Theatre in Trieste finally got its own space in Kulturni dom (Cultural Centre) in Trieste (architect Edo Mihevc) and in the same year was also officially acknowledged by the Italian state, becoming one of its permanent theatres.
To meet the demands of a very heterogeneous audience in the Trieste area, the theatre’s programme covers a wide range of theatre genres, from light comedies and parodies to more demanding dramatic works, and guest appearances of Slovene theatres. Recently, the theatre aims to attract also the Italian speaking community and has consequently strengthened its connections with Italian theatres and offered a season ticket programme with Italian subtitling.
The theatre collaborates with many established theatre directors, such as Vinko Möderndorfer, Diego de Brea, Janusz Kica, Vito Taufer, Eduard Miler, Sebastijan Horvat, Ivica Buljan, Samo M. Strelec, Neda R. Bric, Matjaž Latin, Nejc Gazvoda etc., and also collaborates in co-production with different Slovene theatres as well as some Italian theatres from the region, e.g. the Verdi Theatre in Gorizia/Gorica.
A children’s and youth programme is offered, including own productions and guest performances.
In 2009 the Slovene Permanent Theatre launched the educational programme Studio Art/Scuola Teatrale Studio Art which collaborates also with the Academy of Theatre, Radio, Film and Television (AGRFT).